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JOXE ARAKAMA LOPEZ DE GEREÑU. Abstract: The author describes in the article the way colonization processes unfold. Conquest paves the grounds for colonization, i.e. a conquest provides the platform initiating the process to alienate a people from their language, culture, values and world view. A people subjected to colonization is not just stripped of its own language, culture and values, it...
Jose Mari Pastor 2020-03-21, BERRIA. Abstract: The Coronavirus health crisis has reinforced the border that divides the Basques, the border that Spain and France have imposed on us, says the author of the article. The Spanish and French authorities have decided to close the borders, thus accentuating the division between the Basques of the North and those of the South. At the...
JOXE ARAKAMA LOPEZ DE GEREÑU Abstract: Conquest is any action implemented by means of violence, deceit or scheme against a people, the vilest action pursued by a mighty group against any peoples, a crime against humanity. The author of the article emphasizes that the Basque Country was subjected to conquest. During the Middle Ages, Navarre, the natural kingdom of the Basques, came...
There is no doubt that Brexit has shaken the political unity of the United Kingdom, since the four nations that constitute it voted unequally in the Brexit referendum: England was the nation with the most "brexiteers", while Scotland and Northern Ireland (the latter, part of the Irish nation) voted to continue in the European Union. Wales, on the other...

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