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JOSU ALBERO. Basque Wikimedians User Group. To examine the vitality of a language, sociolinguists frequently consult an index: the Calvet barometer. This barometer measures the health of a language by means of certain parameters: the number of speakers, its official status, the weight the language carries in the educational field, the number of books published in that language, its fertility (i.e...
The elections to the Parliament of the Basque territories of Araba (without Trebiño), Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa will be held on July 12. Taking advantage of that important appointment with the ballot boxes, we want through this Editorial to make a series of requests to the political parties and coalitions of abertzales (Basque patriots). The first request and the most important,...
LUKEN ETXABE. When we the Basques speak of independence, Ireland is usually the first nation coming to mind. We share common traits in some way, i.e. we both have a minorized language, our Country is divided into two parts, an armed organization, etc. But would we really wish to model ourselves after Ireland in order to guarantee our identity or...
ERIC ROULET Occitan Teacher. Occitania is the biggest nation without a state in Europe is. It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea in most of what nowadays is southern France, an Italian region called “Valadas”, and in Spain, in the Aran Valley. What makes Occitania united as a nation is the common language. Although historically Occitania has never...
The website of the Soziolinguistika Klusterra reads as follows: “The Sociolinguistic Cluster aims at becoming a referential agent of R&D and Innovation in the area of sociolinguistics, playing an active role in the quest for Basque revitalization and normalization process”. Hence, one would gather that in the present-day situation Basque is in need of revitalization and normalization, and its...
On April 12th, we Basques will experience a very unusual Aberri Eguna (Basque Homeland Day). For the first time in many years, we will not be celebrating the Basque Country's national holiday on the street. The damned coronavirus will achieve what the Franco genocidal regime did not achieve, preventing Aberri Eguna (during the Dictatorship the Basque patriots – whilst...
JOXE ARAKAMA LOPEZ DE GEREÑU. Abstract: The author describes in the article the way colonization processes unfold. Conquest paves the grounds for colonization, i.e. a conquest provides the platform initiating the process to alienate a people from their language, culture, values and world view. A people subjected to colonization is not just stripped of its own language, culture and values, it...
JOXE ARAKAMA LOPEZ DE GEREÑU Abstract: Conquest is any action implemented by means of violence, deceit or scheme against a people, the vilest action pursued by a mighty group against any peoples, a crime against humanity. The author of the article emphasizes that the Basque Country was subjected to conquest. During the Middle Ages, Navarre, the natural kingdom of the Basques, came...