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On December 6, 2022, one of the historic demands of the republican movement in Northern Ireland was fulfilled: from that date Ireland’s own language has become official, for the first time, in the six northern counties. A curiosity: the new law about the Irish language was approved by the Parliament in London, not by the one of the North of...
PASCAL OTTAVI University of Corsica (Pascal Paoli). In this article written for NAZIOGINTZA and ICEC (https://www.icec.ngo/), University of Corsica professor Pascal Ottavi reports on the situation of the Corsican language in the island's schools.   The “Corsican language” has not always been labeled as such. This situation is due in large part to historical reasons. Essentially every language - official or not -...
Xabier Arregi 3-12-2022, BERRIA. Abstract: This article by Doctor of Philosophy Xabier Arregi exposes the selective memory of the Spanish. According to Spanish politicians and historians, only the organization ETA has operated violently during the last 150 years in the Basque Country, spanning from 1960 to 2011. By contrast, they ignore the fact that Spanish socialist gunmen shot dead approximately one thousand Basques...
National liberation processes are usually long and difficult. And some, unfortunately, also dramatic and bloody. If we look at the process of creating the states that have been born in Europe over the last 40 years, we will realize that some nations have completed their self-determination without a long conflict (Estonia, Latvia, Montenegro...) while in others that process has...

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