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EDURNE ALEGRIA AIERDI. Some considerations occur to me following the article published in the BERRIA newspaper on September 11 by Iraitz Lazkano, President of the Association of Basque City Councils (UEMA), titled “Herritar gehiago, euskara gehiago” (“More citizens, more Basque Language”) (https://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/1876/021/001/2021-09-11/herritar-gehiago-euskara-gehiago.htm). Mr. Lazkano wants to show that immigration does not harm the Basque language, as some are claiming. Leaving aside a...
JOSE INAZIO LOPEZ DE LUZURIAGA Musicologist. Retired professor of the Conservatory of Donostia-San Sebastian. Although in this article the author refers to music, it is obvious that this analysis is also useful for other cultural manifestations, be they sports, artistic or poetic. DEFINITION OF CULTURE AND MUSIC All definition provides a description of a methodological purpose, it is somehow programmatic, and in our...
DERWICH M. FERHO President of the Kurdish Institute of Brussels. Derwich M. Ferho is president of the Kurdish Institute, movement for human and people rights in Brussels. Derwich was born in 1961, in a small Kurdish village near Midyat in Turkey. At the age of 17, he was forced to flee his hometown. The reason was a protest he organized for...
ANDONI SARRIEGI ESKISABEL. Abstract: The author of the article and our collaborator Mr Andoni Sarriegi bases the calculus of Basque language use in the town of Beasain (Gipuzkoa, Basque Country) on a mathematical model. This mathematical model, a major contribution of Basque sociolinguistics, was developed by a number of University of the Basque Country professors during the 90s of the 20th century,...
EDURNE ALEGRIA AIERDI. Abstract: Edurne Alegria outlines in this collaboration the main ideas of the 2010 book Autopsiarako frogak (“Evidence for the autopsy”) written by author Koldo Izagirre. In the work, Koldo Izagirre considers Basque language a living creature, but reminds us that it is on the brink of death, explaining the details for that death, which come down to historic, political,...
MIKEL GALLAIZTEGI High School teacher. Abstract: Recently, some have expressed their opinion on the educational model of the Western Basque Country -or Basque Autonomous Community- and have highlighted the limitations and shortcomings of Model D (teaching entirely through Basque), since many students do not reach the minimum linguistic competence in Basque even within that model. But instead of reinforcing that model, these...
JOSE INAZIO LOPEZ DE LUZURIAGA Musicologist. Retired professor of the Conservatory of Donostia-San Sebastian. Abstract: In this article, the author musicologist Jose Inazio Lopez de Luzuriaga provides full support to the proposal to proclaim the “Gernikako Arbola” (The Tree of Gernika) composed by Jose Maria Iparragirre the official anthem of the Basques, so joining the manifesto recently endorsed by a significant number...
JOSU ALBERO. Basque Wikimedians User Group. To examine the vitality of a language, sociolinguists frequently consult an index: the Calvet barometer. This barometer measures the health of a language by means of certain parameters: the number of speakers, its official status, the weight the language carries in the educational field, the number of books published in that language, its fertility (i.e...
LUKEN ETXABE. When we the Basques speak of independence, Ireland is usually the first nation coming to mind. We share common traits in some way, i.e. we both have a minorized language, our Country is divided into two parts, an armed organization, etc. But would we really wish to model ourselves after Ireland in order to guarantee our identity or...
ERIC ROULET Occitan Teacher. Occitania is the biggest nation without a state in Europe is. It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea in most of what nowadays is southern France, an Italian region called “Valadas”, and in Spain, in the Aran Valley. What makes Occitania united as a nation is the common language. Although historically Occitania has never...