Nation

Basque Country

Euskal Herria

State
Spain, France
Area
20.900 km2
Population
3.142.982 inhabitants (2017)
Languages
Basque, Spanish, French
Official languages
Basque and Spanish (Basque autonomous community and North of Navarre), Spanish (South of Navarre), French (Northern Basque Country or Iparralde)

Native language speakers
28,5% (2012)
Main cities
Bilbo, Gasteiz, Donostia, Iruñea, Baiona, Barakaldo
Per capita income
32.340 € (2018)
Native political institutions
Basque Government (Eusko Jaurlaritza), Government of Navarre, Agglomeration Community of the Northern Basque Country
Main religious culture
Catholic Christian
National bank holiday
Aberri Eguna (Easter)
Main nationalist parties
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV), EH BILDU, GEROA BAI, EH BAI
Nationalist share in the native parliament
70% (Parliament of the Basque autonomous community), 34% (Parliament of Navarre) (in 2020)

Related content

JEAN-LOUIS DAVANT, TIRELESS BASQUE CULTURAL ACTIVIST IN THE NORTHERN BASQUE COUNTRY: “WHAT IS THE POINT OF HAVING A BASQUE REPUBLIC THAT DOES NOT SPEAK BASQUE? THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LITTLE SPAIN BESIDE THE LARGE SPAIN?”

Jean-Louis Davant Iratzabal (Urrüstoi- -Larrabile, 1935) has borne witness to the most relevant milestones in Basque contemporary history. As a young man, he got captivated by Basque cultural activism, conducting…

DIONISIO AMUNDARAIN, A COLOSSUS OF BASQUE ACTIVISM: “MUNILLA’S DESIGNATION [AS A BISHOP] WAS A MOVE UNDERTAKEN BY ROUCO VARELA TO GIVE BASQUE CHURCH A SPANISH CHARACTER”

Mr. Dionisio Amundarain’s life (Itsasondo, 1930) revolves around two axes, Basque activism and Christian faith, engaging in prolific and substantial work, often combining both, for example as the team director…

THE IKASTOLAS SHAKE THE JACOBIN FRENCH EDUCATION SYSTEM

NOTE TO OUR INTERNATIONAL READERS: The Northern Basque Country (Labourd, Lower Navarre and Soule) is the part of the Basque Country under French domination; It represents 15% of the surface…

EUSKARALDIA: LIVING IN BASQUE FOR 11 DAYS

We have bore witness to a new initiative called Euskaraldia in favour of Basque language held in late 2018 throughout all the Basque Country. All Basque speakers have been invited…

THE NORTHERN BASQUE COMMUNITY UP FOR BASQUE LANGUAGE OFFICIALITY

On 23 June, the Basque Agglomeration Community, the only official institution regrouping the whole Northern Basque Country, took a step of high symbolic value, officially declaring Basque a native language….

ETA CONFIRMS ITS TERMINATION

NAZIOGINTZA’S communiqué: It is our obligation towards our international audience to make it clear first off that our words in this article had to be carefully chosen because of the…

JOXE MANUEL ODRIOZOLA, BASQUE LANGUAGE ACTIVIST AND WRITER: “Unfortunately, there is not strong evidence anywhere attesting to a Basque national language policy”

We agreed to meet Joxe Manuel Odriozola in San Sebastian on a rainy Winter afternoon. A retired Basque teacher with a long experience at his job, he has not onlyt…

NEW INITIATIVE TO PROMOTE THE USE OF BASQUE

28% of the population in the Basque Country can speak Basque. However, that percentage is not homogeneous. While in some areas of the Basque Country that rate rises to upwards…